Central American immigrants paid $2.2 billion to arrive in the U.S.

Read Time:3 Minute, 44 Second


The annual cost estimates for the past five years, based on surveys of thousands of households in these three Central American countries, paint a stark picture of immigration prices—and who is profiting.

The report released this week by the Immigration Policy Institute, the World Food Program and the MIT Citizen Data Design Lab detailed the motivations and costs of immigration from the region.

According to the report, immigrants from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador travel outside of legal channels with smugglers, paying approximately US$1.7 billion each year. Immigrants who travel through legal channels in caravans or from these countries alone spend approximately $230 million a year. Those who immigrated through legal channels spent about 240 million U.S. dollars.

Ariel Ruiz, the main co-author of the report and a policy analyst at the Institute for Immigration Policy, said that when you consider that funds can be used elsewhere, such as funding for development and public works projects, a lot of Numbers are especially important.

“It is important not only to talk about costs, but also the potential and opportunities that are being lost,” he said.

An inflatable boat emits lights, which is used to transport migrants from the Mexican side of the Rio Grande to the United States.

Paying smugglers is the most expensive way of immigration

In the past, some researchers have come up with higher numbers when estimating the size of the smuggling industry.

A 2018 UN report estimated that businesses that try to get people into Mexico and the United States illegally are worth about $4 billion a year.

Ruiz said that in order to arrive at the estimates in this week’s report, researchers surveyed thousands of households in the area to determine the average amount they paid when they tried to move to the United States, and then based on the number of people who migrated from El. infer. El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras.

During the smuggling operation that moved migrants across the U.S.-Mexico border

On average, people surveyed reported that immigrants who paid smugglers spent approximately $7,500, including food and travel expenses in addition to smugglers’ expenses.

Immigrants traveling alone or in a caravan spent an average of US$2,900, while immigrants using regular immigration channels such as student visas or refugee settlements spent an average of US$4,500.

The report points out that some people will incur debts that are difficult to repay—especially if immigrants fail to arrive in the United States.

Why do these immigrants travel

Other findings include:

• The vast majority (92%) surveyed stated that economic reasons were behind the decision to move. Climate disasters, violence and food insecurity are other factors. The amount spent on immigration is “a lot of money,” Ruiz said, “but in the long run, when many of them are in such unstable conditions in their country of origin, the return on investment is huge.”

• More and more people are considering migration. In 2021, 43% of households surveyed stated that they are considering international immigration, compared with 8% in 2019. But only a small percentage of families (3%) said they are working on a specific immigration plan.

• Nearly one-third of households (29%) report receiving money from immigrants abroad. They described the money as a lifeline used to pay for living costs and direct expenses.

The bracelets used by smugglers were engraved with the names of immigrants who crossed the border illegally from Mexico to the United States to seek asylum. These bracelets were discarded near the Rio Grande.

The author of the report urges the government to take more measures

A few weeks before the publication of the report, US officials announced that they had arrested more than 1.6 million people for illegally crossing the border in the past year, the highest annual number of arrests on record.
Last year, the number of arrests on the southern border of the United States exceeded 1.6 million, a record high

The organization behind the report recommended that the government take more measures to address the root causes of Central American immigration. This is something that US officials say they are working on, as are other leaders in the region.

But these efforts will take time, Ruiz said.

“To truly solve the root causes of immigration, it will take years or even ten years to truly solve all the problems we see,” he said.

As a starting point, the authors of the report recommended expanding social protection programs and stimulating investment to increase economic opportunities in the region.

Another important suggestion: The United States and other countries provide more legal channels for immigrants from Central America.

According to the report, if this happens, more money spent by immigrants will go to the government instead of secret smuggling networks.

CNN’s Matt Rivers, Louis Chaparro, Natalie Gallon and Geneva Sands contributed to this report.



Source link
You have to be inform about what is happening in USA go to united states news to see more.

Happy
Happy
0 %
Sad
Sad
0 %
Excited
Excited
0 %
Sleepy
Sleepy
0 %
Angry
Angry
0 %
Surprise
Surprise
0 %
We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. View more
Cookies settings
Accept
Decline
Privacy & Cookie policy
Privacy & Cookies policy
Cookie name Active

Who we are

Suggested text: Our website address is: https://updatednews24.com.

Comments

Suggested text: When visitors leave comments on the site we collect the data shown in the comments form, and also the visitor’s IP address and browser user agent string to help spam detection. An anonymized string created from your email address (also called a hash) may be provided to the Gravatar service to see if you are using it. The Gravatar service privacy policy is available here: https://automattic.com/privacy/. After approval of your comment, your profile picture is visible to the public in the context of your comment.

Media

Suggested text: If you upload images to the website, you should avoid uploading images with embedded location data (EXIF GPS) included. Visitors to the website can download and extract any location data from images on the website.

Cookies

Suggested text: If you leave a comment on our site you may opt-in to saving your name, email address and website in cookies. These are for your convenience so that you do not have to fill in your details again when you leave another comment. These cookies will last for one year. If you visit our login page, we will set a temporary cookie to determine if your browser accepts cookies. This cookie contains no personal data and is discarded when you close your browser. When you log in, we will also set up several cookies to save your login information and your screen display choices. Login cookies last for two days, and screen options cookies last for a year. If you select "Remember Me", your login will persist for two weeks. If you log out of your account, the login cookies will be removed. If you edit or publish an article, an additional cookie will be saved in your browser. This cookie includes no personal data and simply indicates the post ID of the article you just edited. It expires after 1 day.

Embedded content from other websites

Suggested text: Articles on this site may include embedded content (e.g. videos, images, articles, etc.). Embedded content from other websites behaves in the exact same way as if the visitor has visited the other website. These websites may collect data about you, use cookies, embed additional third-party tracking, and monitor your interaction with that embedded content, including tracking your interaction with the embedded content if you have an account and are logged in to that website.

Who we share your data with

Suggested text: If you request a password reset, your IP address will be included in the reset email.

How long we retain your data

Suggested text: If you leave a comment, the comment and its metadata are retained indefinitely. This is so we can recognize and approve any follow-up comments automatically instead of holding them in a moderation queue. For users that register on our website (if any), we also store the personal information they provide in their user profile. All users can see, edit, or delete their personal information at any time (except they cannot change their username). Website administrators can also see and edit that information.

What rights you have over your data

Suggested text: If you have an account on this site, or have left comments, you can request to receive an exported file of the personal data we hold about you, including any data you have provided to us. You can also request that we erase any personal data we hold about you. This does not include any data we are obliged to keep for administrative, legal, or security purposes.

Where we send your data

Suggested text: Visitor comments may be checked through an automated spam detection service.
Save settings
Cookies settings