Fourteen people and ten white supremacist and nationalist organizations were sued by some assemblers and others in civil lawsuits, arguing that they had suffered life-changing injuries during the protests.
Plaintiffs, including urban residents and counter-protesters injured in the conflict, are seeking compensation and statutory compensation for the physical and psychological injuries suffered by them as a result of the rally. They also argued that the organizers of the rally participated in conspiracies and planned violent activities to trigger racial and religious wars.
The defense lawyer and two well-known defendants who represented themselves argued that none of the plaintiffs could prove that the defendant organized racial violence.
The jurors got the verdict and began deliberation on Friday morning.
U.S. District Judge Norman K. Moon said after Friday that the court will open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. “I will only change this if all the jurors agree and want to go beyond this. One point,” Moon said.
The jury will decide in each case whether the defendant should be liable for damages. In a civil trial, the plaintiff’s lawyer must prove that the defendant has the responsibility of “advanced evidence,” Moon told the jurors, which means that a 50.1% or greater probability is true.
To be successful, the plaintiff must prove the existence of a conspiracy involving two or more people based on the instructions given to the jurors.
In addition, the jury’s instructions stated that the plaintiff must prove that the conspiracy was partly motivated by “hostility” towards blacks or Jews, or because the plaintiff supported these communities and that the conspiracy was designed to deprive them of their right to be protected from racial violence.
Finally, according to the instructions, the plaintiff must prove that at least one person in the conspiracy “taken an open act” while continuing racial violence and that the plaintiff was harmed by the act.
According to Roberta Kaplan, an attorney representing the plaintiff, the plaintiff who was hit by the Fields car demanded between 7 million and 10 million U.S. dollars, while the other plaintiffs demanded between 3 million and 5 million U.S. dollars.
The plaintiff’s lawyer said that it’s not important that some defendants don’t know each other
Under the protection of the non-profit organization Integrity First for America, a strong team of lawyers is representing the plaintiffs in their civil cases.
During the closing statement on Thursday, the plaintiff’s attorney told the jury that the defendant was ready for the “Battle of Charlottesville”, and the messages sent between them and their behavior after the violent incident proved their conspiracy.
Kaplan told the jurors that they should hold the defendant responsible “in accordance with the law, facts and common sense.”
Dunn also showed the jury how the rally organizers issued a request to obtain a shield and carry other weapons, including flagpoles and pepper spray, which they called “gas.”
She also showed messages from other white supremacists who support the idea that street demonstrators should be crushed.
“This is reasonable predictability,” Dunn said, and believes that all members are responsible for it.
“The evidence in this case is very clear and shows that the plan is proceeding as expected,” Dunn said.
Dunn pointed out that many defendants claimed that they did not know what happened or did not know each other, but “it doesn’t matter, they are still part of the conspiracy.”
“This is about the use of force. This is about occupying space, and this is the plan for the Battle of Charlottesville,” Dunn said.
The Ministry of Defense said they did not initiate deadly violence
Jason Kessler and James Kolenich, the lawyer for the other two defendants, told the jury, “Hearing all these testimonies or hearing all this from the plaintiff, I want you to say,’So what.'”
He said that the terrible injuries suffered by many of the plaintiffs “do not prove to be a conspiracy. And the plaintiffs never claimed that they did so.”
Spencer, who is defending himself, said that he was not part of the conspiracy because he had never participated in chats on apps used by other defendants. Then, in a moment of tension between Spencer and the judge, Spencer recalled then President Donald Trump’s notorious statement about the rally: “There are good people on both sides.”
But Moon told him that this sentence never became evidence. Spencer said he agreed with this sentiment and ignored the judge’s order. “There are some bad guys on both sides,” Spencer said, referring to antifa.
The cohesion of the defense is significantly lower than that of the plaintiff-often pushing responsibility for violence aside, arguing that they do not like each other, attacking each other and claiming that they hardly know each other.
They stated that they did not initiate the fatal violence that followed, arguing that they were exercising their right to protest against the First Amendment. They also said there was no conspiracy, and the violence stemmed from the failure of law enforcement agencies to separate opposing groups.
CNN’s Mark Morales, Steve Almasy, and Amir Vera contributed to this report.
You have to be inform about what is happening in USA go to united states news to see more.