The new U.S. travel rules will benefit international travelers who have been vaccinated; this is something to know

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(CNN)— It was announced on Tuesday that the land borders with Canada and Mexico will be reopened to tourists who have been vaccinated in November. This is another welcome news for travelers clamoring to enter the United States.

Both measures will take effect in November, but no specific date has been announced.

The plan both relaxes and tightens existing rules, depending on the country from which international travelers come and their vaccinations.

Here are the implications of the new policy as we know it so far:

Visitors from Mexico and Canada will soon be able to enter by land and ferry

Land and ferry ports of entry will soon be open to tourism, family and friends visits and other non-essential travel, provided that tourists are fully vaccinated. Senior government officials said there will be no testing requirements.

This is the first phase of the new policy, which is scheduled to take effect in November.

Those who travel for basic reasons—such as students and truck drivers—will still be allowed to cross the border, regardless of their vaccination status, until early January 2022. At that time, all incoming vaccination requirements will be effective for foreign tourists arriving by land and ferry.

Currently, it is allowed to fly to the United States from Mexico and Canada, and the Covid-19 test is negative. In November, the vaccination requirements for all international air passengers will be implemented, and the requirements for foreign arrivals will be more stringent.

The rules for unvaccinated children are unclear

The announcement of the Department of Homeland Security on the land border between Mexico and Canada did not involve children, many of whom were not eligible for the vaccine.

The air travel rules for unvaccinated children are also unclear, but unvaccinated Americans will still be allowed to enter the United States by plane and undergo more stringent testing.

White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki stated on September 20 that these rules “obviously apply to children at this point.”

Whether the same rules apply to unvaccinated children from other countries is unclear. CNN has asked the Department of Homeland Security for clarification.

The door finally opened to people in countries affected by the travel ban

The president announced that the travel ban implemented at the beginning of the pandemic prohibits foreigners from China, Iran, the European Schengen area, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Brazil, South Africa, and India from entering.

In many cases, for the first time in more than a year, foreigners who have been vaccinated in these countries/regions within 14 days of entering the United States will soon be allowed to enter the country and provide a vaccination certificate and a certificate of vaccination. The Covid-19 test conducted during the year was negative on the days they flew.

Unvaccinated travelers from other countries will no longer be allowed

The new regulations scheduled to be implemented in November will require adult foreign nationals to provide proof of vaccination and negative Covid-19 test results within three days of the flight.

Therefore, the gates of the United States seem to be closed to unvaccinated travelers from other countries.

As mentioned above, unvaccinated travelers entering the United States by land or ferry from Canada and Mexico for basic reasons will be allowed until January, when the vaccination requirements will apply to all foreign nationals entering the country.

U.S. citizens and permanent residents who have not been vaccinated will still be allowed to enter the country

Unvaccinated Americans are an exception, at least in air travel.

The White House Covid-19 Response Coordinator, Jeff Zients, announced that they will “accept more stringent testing requirements”, including testing within one day of their flight to the United States, and additional testing upon return test. New international air travel rules on September 20.

The October 12 announcement on the land border between Mexico and Canada did not specifically target unvaccinated Americans, but the vaccination requirements are for “inbound foreign travelers.”

CDC defines the meaning of “fully vaccinated”

In this September 14, 2021 file photo, a clinic at Reading District Community College in Reading, Pennsylvania prepares a syringe containing Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine.

The CDC has provided guidance on the meaning of “fully vaccinated.”

Matlock/Associated Press

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention believes that people are “fully vaccinated” two weeks after the second dose of the two-dose series or two weeks after the single-dose vaccine.

Some vaccines that have not yet been approved for use in the United States will be accepted for travel.

CDC said in a statement: “Last week, to help them prepare the system, we notified airlines that vaccines authorized/approved by the FDA or listed as emergency use by the WHO will meet the criteria for travel to the United States.” The travel requirements will be finalized later this month, and the CDC will release more guidance and information.”

The agency did not answer questions about land border-specific or mixed-and-match vaccines (receiving doses of two different vaccines) provided by Canada and some other countries.

All international air passengers will be required to provide information for contact tracing

CDC will issue a contact tracing order, “it will require airlines to collect comprehensive contact information for each passenger arriving in the United States, and provide this information to CDC in a timely manner upon request, so as to follow up passengers who have been in contact with Covid-19 variants or other variants. Pathogens,” Psaki said on September 20.

The agency has not provided other details about the order.

Americans can now go to Canada and Mexico

Canada has recently opened land borders and air routes to vaccinated international passengers.

Throughout the pandemic, Mexico allows foreign travelers to enter the country by air without the need for testing or vaccination certificates.

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